Goal-Based Investing: How Does It Help Create Wealth?
From our school days, we have been taught that goal setting is fundamental to our long-term success. After all, it is difficult to get to the desired destination without clearly defining the destination. But once you realize what is important to you, the goals set by you will help you remain determined to achieve them.
Like all other aspects of life, this applies to our finances as well. And this is where the concept of investing based on your financial goals or goal-based investing comes in.
In this blog, we will explain goal-based investing, how you can plan for financial goals, and how it helps in wealth creation.
What Is Goal-Based Investing?
We all have so many things we want to achieve in the future. This can be buying a car, a home, going for a trip, planning for a peaceful retirement, etc. So it is easy to feel overwhelmed and sometimes worry about how you will achieve all your goals.
This is where goal-based investing helps. Goal-based investing is all about identifying your financial goals, setting a timeline for each one of them, and investing for them regularly to be able to reach them. So essentially, you give all your dreams and financial goals a structure.
Benefits Of Goal-Based Investing
1. You Can Identify Accurate Amount To Fulfil Your Financial Goal
When you do goal-based investing, you will list down the goal you want to achieve, by when you want to achieve it, and the money you will need for it. And while you do it, you will consider the current cost of achieving that goal and increase in its price.
For instance, let’s assume you want to plan higher education for your child 10 years away. Currently, it costs Rs. 10 lakh. When you plan for it, you will calculate how much it will cost in the future after factoring in the inflation. So, assuming an average inflation rate of 8% in education, it will cost nearly Rs. 21.6 lakh in 10 years. Now you know how much money you will need for this goal
2. Financial Goals Help You Pick Right Investment Products
When you know the amount you will need for a goal and know the time you have to accumulate that corpus, you can effectively build your investment strategy. You can pick from asset classes like equity, debt, gold, etc., as per your investment horizon and financial goals.
For instance, if your short-term goals, like travel, kid’s school fees, etc., you want the money no matter what. So your focus will be on collecting that money and getting some growth on it. And hence you will go for Debt Funds or even Fixed Deposits.
On the other hand, for your medium-term goals (3-5 years away) like buying a car, you can have a mix of Equity and Debt. That’s because you have a slightly longer investment horizon, and if there is some interim volatility or a fall, you can live with it. So Hybrid Funds become the right product for you. And on end are long-term goals for which you can pick pure equity funds and focus only on growing your money.
3. Financial Goals Help You Rebalance Your Portfolio
When all investments are linked to financial goals, it helps you review and rebalance your portfolio at correct intervals. And also enables you to adopt the appropriate asset allocation strategy.
For instance, when you approach a long-term goal like retirement, you need to gradually reduce your allocation from Equity and increase allocation to fixed income products. This is the key to protecting your gains and making sure you will have the money at the time you need it.
4. Financial Goals Help You Avoid Debt Trap
If you do not clearly define your goals and not invest in them, the chances are that you will not have enough money when the time comes. In such a situation, you might be forced to take a loan. The loan will help you achieve the goal at that point. However, you can end up in a debt trap.
Therefore, it is essential to stay clear of taking loans as much as possible. Take the goal-based investing approach and you will never need to take a loan in desperation.
5. Financial Goals Help You Maintain Fiscal Discipline
Investing without goals is a less disciplined way of investing. Many investors who do not have a goal in mind eventually stop investing due to some distraction or random reason.
But if you have specific goals to achieve, you are more likely to stay the course. Because you know that you will never reach your goal if you stop your investments. This clarity on the cost of not investing can be a significant driver to continue investing.
So you are more likely to deal with adverse market movements in a better way if you follow goal-based investing. This is a massive advantage because keeping your emotions at bay is as important as picking the right investment products in investing.
Mapping out all your needs gives you a clear picture of your finances. Goal-based investing helps you answer important questions like how much to invest, where to invest, and when to start investing. Moreover, it also gives you a purpose to stay invested. And helps you fight your biggest enemy – Your impulsiveness.